It is characterized by the sudden appearance of round or oval patches of hair loss. The patches are slick or smooth, without scaling or broken hairs. About 25% of children also have pitting and ridging of the nails. While there is no cure for alopecia areata, treatment can control the disease in some children.
Why does my child have alopecia?
The most common causes of paediatric alopecia are largely non-scarring. These include tinea capitis, alopecia areata, trauma due to traction alopecia or trichotillomania, and telogen effluvium. Scarring alopecia can also occur in childhood and requires scalp biopsy and further investigation by a dermatologist.
Can alopecia happen in children?
Alopecia areata is a form of hair loss that occurs in children and adults. It is non-scarring, which means that the hair follicle is not destroyed and that it has the ability to regrow hair. It is considered an autoimmune condition that results in inflammation and loss of hair.
What is the average age for alopecia?
Alopecia areata can occur at any age but about half of cases come on in childhood and 80% of cases come on before the age of 40 years. Men and women are equally affected. The condition tends to be milder if it comes on at an older age.
Does alopecia hurt?
Hair loss, known as alopecia, can have several causes, including metabolic and nutritional disorders. Certain causes may be accompanied by itching or burning. Take note of your symptoms and when they occur.
How likely is it that my daughter will go bald?
So there’s a 50% chance you’ll receive the X chromosome with the baldness gene, and a 50% chance you’ll get the other X chromosome. A mother carrying the X-linked primary baldness gene will pass it on to half of her kids. Any sons who inherit the gene are very likely to be bald.
Does alopecia affect pubic hair?
If all of your scalp hair follicles are affected, leading to total baldness of the scalp, it’s referred to as alopecia totalis. If all of your body hair, including your pubic hair, is affected, leading to complete hair loss, it’s called alopecia universalis. Alopecia affects both men and women.
Does alopecia run in families?
Is alopecia areata hereditary? Yes, heredity plays a role. Alopecia areata is a ‘polygenic disease’ which requires the contribution of many genes to be inherited from both parents to bring about the disease, as well as a contribution from the environment.
Does alopecia barbae go away?
While there’s no cure for alopecia barbae, you can treat and manage your symptoms. With treatment, hair may grow back and remain, but it’s possible that it could fall out again. Several years can pass between recurrences. It’s also possible for your hair to grow back partially.
Can you dye your hair if you have alopecia?
The alopecia is temporary, of course, until the hair regrows. Fortunately, the treatment recommendation is simple. The patient should no longer lighten their hair color and pick another darker shade.
Is alopecia caused by stress?
It develops when your immune system attacks your hair follicles. This may be triggered by stress, and it can result in hair loss.
Does alopecia grow back?
There is no cure for alopecia areata. If you have a few, small patches of hair loss on your head, it’s likely your hair will grow back within a few months. Your doctor may not prescribe treatment in those cases. For larger areas of hair loss, your doctor may prescribe steroid injections under your scalp.
Why do I have alopecia?
What causes alopecia areata? Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. This means that your immune system mistakenly attacks a part of your body. When you have alopecia areata, cells in your immune system surround and attack your hair follicles (the part of your body that makes hair).
How can I help my child with alopecia?
For younger children, treatment consists primarily of strong corticosteroid ointments or creams applied to the bald areas. Teenagers, who may be sufficiently motivated to have their hair return, may tolerate steroid injections into the scalp. Minoxidil (Rogaine) is often used in additional to topical steroid treatment.
Can females bald?
Female pattern baldness, also called androgenetic alopecia, is hair loss that affects women. It’s similar to male pattern baldness, except that women can lose their hair in a different pattern than men. Hair loss in women is normal, especially as you age. Up to two-thirds of women experience hair loss after menopause.