Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss. Hair loss may occur naturally or it may be related to disease or the use of certain medications. Symptoms of alopecia vary depending on the cause of the condition and range from a small bald patch to a complete loss of all body hair.
How would you describe alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata is a condition that causes hair to fall out in small patches, which can be unnoticeable. These patches may connect, however, and then become noticeable. The condition develops when the immune system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in hair loss.
What are the 3 types of alopecia?
Most people know alopecia to be a form of hair loss. However, what they don’t always know is that there are three main types of the condition – alopecia areata, alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis.
What does alopecia look like when it first starts?
A common symptom includes small, round patches of hair loss on the scalp, beard area, or other “hairy” parts of the body. Those with alopecia may also notice hair loss and regrowth at the same time, but in different areas of the body. Hair may also only be missing from one side of the scalp and not the other.
What is the most common cause of alopecia?
Family history (heredity). The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness.
What type of alopecia describes temporary hair loss?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder characterized by transient, non-scarring hair loss and preservation of the hair follicle. Hair loss can take many forms ranging from loss in well-defined patches to diffuse or total hair loss, which can affect all hair bearing sites.
How fast does hair fall out with alopecia?
How Long does Hair Loss Last? In half of patients with alopecia areata, individual episodes of hair loss last less than one year, and hair grows back without treatment. These patients may experience recurrent episodes of hair loss that spontaneously regrow or respond quickly to treatments.
How often should you wash your hair if you have alopecia?
How Often Should You Wash Your Hair If You Are Balding? If you are experiencing thinning or balding, our Bosley experts recommend washing no more than three times a week.
What can cause sudden alopecia?
Sudden hair loss is typically a sign of two conditions: telogen effluvium or alopecia areata. Telogen effluvium is commonly caused by stress, which increases the natural rate of hair loss. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that causes your body to attack its hair follicles, resulting in hair loss.
Will your hair grow back after alopecia?
There is no cure for alopecia areata. If you have a few, small patches of hair loss on your head, it’s likely your hair will grow back within a few months. Your doctor may not prescribe treatment in those cases. For larger areas of hair loss, your doctor may prescribe steroid injections under your scalp.
Is alopecia caused by stress?
It develops when your immune system attacks your hair follicles. This may be triggered by stress, and it can result in hair loss.
Does alopecia hurt?
Hair loss, known as alopecia, can have several causes, including metabolic and nutritional disorders. Certain causes may be accompanied by itching or burning. Take note of your symptoms and when they occur.
How do you know if alopecia is spreading?
Signs & Symptoms
New patches may spread by joining existing bald patches. These larger bald areas can appear while hair is regrowing in older hairless patches. Loss of hair can be permanent in some cases. Hair follicles may deteriorate, but oil producing glands in the skin (sebaceous glands) usually change very little.
What causes alopecia in females?
Alopecia can be divided into disorders in which the hair follicle is normal but the cycling of hair growth is abnormal and disorders in which the hair follicle is damaged. Androgenetic alopecia is the most common cause of hair loss in women.
Can I color my hair if I have alopecia?
The alopecia is temporary, of course, until the hair regrows. Fortunately, the treatment recommendation is simple. The patient should no longer lighten their hair color and pick another darker shade.
Is alopecia an autoimmune disease?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. This means that your immune system mistakenly attacks a part of your body. When you have alopecia areata, cells in your immune system surround and attack your hair follicles (the part of your body that makes hair).