Non scarring hair loss, also known as noncicatricial alopecia is the loss of hair without any scarring being present. There is typically little inflammation and irritation, but hair loss is significant.
What is the difference between scarring and Nonscarring alopecia?
In non-scarring alopecia, hair follicles are preserved with potential for hair regrowth. In scarring alopecia, the hair follicle is irreversibly destroyed due to destruction of stem cells in the bulge area of the outer root sheath, and replaced by fibrous scar tissue, leading to permanent hair loss.
What causes Cicatricial alopecia?
Cicatricial alopecia is primarily caused by inflammation that damages the hair follicle, although the damage may also be caused by a trauma such as a burn or serious infection. The inflammation could involve different types of cells, including lymphocytes, natural killer cells, or a combination of cell types.
Can non scarring alopecia be treated?
However, as mentioned previously, the non-scarring alopecias are theoretically treatable, although the amount of improvement may be variable. The types and methods of treatment are diverse and are dependent on the underlying cause.
What does non scarring alopecia look like?
Alopecia areata is a type of non-scarring hair loss that can affect men and women, adults and children. The hair is usually lost in round or oval patches initially. This lost hair usually grows back without any other problems or any further hair loss.
How do you know if your hair follicles are dead?
When hair follicles die, however, hair growth stops completely. To know if your hair follicles are still active, just take a look at the scalp on your head. If you see any hairs on your scalp—no matter how sparse, thin, short or fuzzy—your hair follicles are still alive and kicking and sprouting new hairs.
What type of lupus causes hair loss?
But some people with lupus develop round (discoid) lesions on the scalp. Because these discoid lesions scar your hair follicles, they do cause permanent hair loss. Lupus can also cause the scalp hair along your hairline to become fragile and break off easily, leaving you with a ragged appearance known as lupus hair.
Is there treatment for Cicatricial alopecia?
No currently available treatment will stimulate hair follicle neogenesis. As a result, any follicle destroyed by primary cicatricial alopecia will never regrow hair. The goal of treatment is to stop further hair loss and to camouflage the residual bald areas with cosmetics.
Is Cicatricial alopecia an autoimmune disorder?
Cicatricial (scarring) alopecia results from irreversible damage to epithelial stem cells located in the bulge region of the hair follicle, generally as a result of inflammatory mechanisms (eg, in the context of autoimmune disease).
Is CCCA an autoimmune disease?
Factors that could be contributory to the development of CCCA are genetics, history of autoimmune disease, and various hairstyling practices such as excessive heat and tension chemical relaxers on the scalp that are known to be used in the black community.
How do you prevent non scarring alopecia?
Depending on the cause, treatment options include: topical minoxidil, oral finasteride, anti-fungal medications, steroids, hair transplantation, or platelet rich plasma (PRP) therapy. Alternatives for total hair loss include the use of hairpieces or hair fibers.
Which lack of vitamin causes hair fall?
Research shows that a lack of vitamin D in your body can lead to hair loss. One role vitamin D plays is stimulating new and old hair follicles. When there isn’t enough vitamin D in your system, new hair growth can be stunted.
How do you fight alopecia?
The most common form of alopecia areata treatment is the use of corticosteroids, powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress the immune system. These are mostly commonly administered through local injections, topical ointment application, or orally.
Can you reverse scarring alopecia?
Though hair loss due to scarring alopecia is permanent and cannot be reversed once scarred, it can be treated to help prevent further hair loss and scarring.
How do you know if your hair follicles are scarred?
Symptoms of Scarring Alopecia
- Itching scalp.
- Burning of scalp.
- Pus of purulent discharge from scalp.
- Patches of rough and scaly skin.
- Formation of blisters.
How do I reverse my alopecia CCCA?
Treatment options for CCCA include anti-inflammatory agents such as:
- Potent topical steroids (eg clobetasol) or intralesional steroids.
- Calcineurin inhibitors: tacrolimus ointment, pimecrolimus cream.
- Tetracyclines (eg doxycycline 100 mg twice daily, taken for several weeks to months)